throw


throw
throw1 W1S1 [θrəu US θrou] v past tense threw [θru:] past participle thrown [θrəun US θroun]
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1¦(throw a ball/stone etc)¦
2¦(put something carelessly)¦
3¦(push roughly/violently)¦
4¦(make somebody fall)¦
5¦(move hands/head etc)¦
6¦(confuse somebody)¦
7 throw yourself at/on/into/down etc
8 throw somebody in/into prison/jail
9 throw somebody out of work/office etc
10 throw somebody/something into confusion/chaos/disarray etc
11 throw doubt on something
12 throw suspicion on somebody
13 throw somebody a look/glance/smile etc
14 throw a fit/tantrum
15 throw a question/remark etc (at somebody)
16 throw something open
17 throw a switch/handle/lever
18 throw a party
19 throw money at something
20 be thrown back on something
21 throw yourself into something
22 throw your weight around
23 throw your weight behind somebody/something
24 throw light on something
25 throw a light/shadow
26 throw the book at somebody
27 throw something (back) in somebody's face
28 throw up your hands (in horror/dismay etc)
29 throw in your hand
30 throw yourself at somebody
31 throw a punch
32 throw a match/game/fight
33 throw dice/a six/a four etc
34 throw a pot
35 throw your voice
36 throw caution to the wind(s)
37 throw the baby out with the bath water
Phrasal verbs
 throw something<=>away
 throw something<=>in
 throw somebody/something<=>off
 throw something<=>on
 throw somebody/something<=>out
 throw somebody<=>over
 throw somebody/something<=>together
 throw up
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[: Old English; Origin: thrawan 'to cause to twist or turn']
1.) ¦(THROW A BALL/STONE ETC)¦ [I and T]
to make an object such as a ball move quickly through the air by pushing your hand forward quickly and letting the object go
throw sth to sb
He threw his shirt to someone in the crowd.
throw sth at sb/sth
Someone threw a stone at the car.
a crowd of boys throwing snowballs at each other
throw sb sth
Throw me that towel, would you.
2.) ¦(PUT SOMETHING CARELESSLY)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to put something somewhere quickly and carelessly
He threw a handful of money onto the table.
Don't just throw your clothes on the floor - pick them up!
3.) ¦(PUSH ROUGHLY/VIOLENTLY)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to push someone or something roughly and violently
The bus stopped suddenly and we were all thrown forwards.
The guards threw Biko to the ground and started kicking him.
The bomb exploded, throwing bricks and debris into the air .
She drew the curtains and threw open the windows.
4.) ¦(MAKE SOMEBODY FALL)¦ [T]
a) to make your opponent fall to the ground in a sport in which you fight
b) if a horse throws its rider, it makes them fall onto the ground
5.) ¦(MOVE HANDS/HEAD ETC)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to suddenly and quickly move your hands, arms, head etc into a new position
I threw my arms around her and kissed her.
He threw his head back and laughed.
6.) ¦(CONFUSE SOMEBODY)¦ [T]
to make someone feel very confused
It threw me completely when she said she was coming to stay with us.
7.) throw yourself at/on/into/down etc
to move or jump somewhere suddenly and with a lot of force
He threw himself down onto the bed.
She committed suicide by throwing herself out of a tenth floor window.
8.) throw sb in/into prison/jail
to put someone in prison
Anyone who opposes the regime is thrown in jail.
9.) throw sb out of work/office etc
to suddenly take away someone's job or position of authority
Hundreds of men were thrown out of work when the mine closed down.
Elections were held, and the government was thrown out of office.
10.) throw sb/sth into confusion/chaos/disarray etc
to make people feel very confused and not certain about what they should do
Everyone was thrown into confusion by this news.
The transport industry has been thrown into chaos by the strike.
11.) throw doubt on sth
to make people think that something is probably not true
Fresh evidence has thrown doubt on her story.
12.) throw suspicion on sb
to make people think that someone is probably guilty
This latest document throws suspicion on the company chairman.
13.) throw sb a look/glance/smile etc
to quickly look at someone with a particular expression that shows how you are feeling
He threw Anna a big smile.
He threw a glance at Connor.
14.) throw a fit/tantrum
to react in a very angry way
I can't tell my parents - they'd throw a fit!
15.) throw a question/remark etc (at sb)
to say something to someone or ask them something roughly
They threw a few awkward questions at me.
'You're early!' she threw at him accusingly.
16.) throw sth open
a) to allow people to go into a place that is usually kept private
throw something open to
Plans have been announced to throw the Palace open to the public.
b) to allow anyone to take part in a competition or a discussion
throw something open to
I would now like to throw the debate open to our audience.
17.) throw a switch/handle/lever
to make something start or stop working by moving a control
He threw a switch and the lights all went out.
18.) throw a party
to organize a party and invite people
19.) throw money at sth informal
to try to solve a problem by spending a lot of money but without really thinking about the problem
The problem cannot be solved by throwing money at it.
20.) be thrown back on sth
to be forced to have to depend on your own skills, knowledge etc
Once again, we were thrown back on our own resources.
21.) throw yourself into sth
to start doing an activity with a lot of effort and energy
Since her husband died, she's thrown herself into her work.
22.) throw your weight around
to use your position of authority to tell people what to do in an unreasonable way
He's the sort of insensitive bully who enjoys throwing his weight around.
23.) throw your weight behind sb/sth
to support a plan, person etc and use your power to make sure they succeed
The party leadership is throwing its weight behind the campaign.
24.) throw light on sth
to make something easier to understand by providing new information
Recent investigations have thrown new light on how the two men died.
25.) throw a light/shadow
to make light or shadow fall on a particular place
The trees threw long, dark shadows across the cornfield.
26.) throw the book at sb informal
to punish someone as severely as possible or charge them with as many offences as possible
If you get caught they'll throw the book at you!
27.) throw sth (back) in sb's face
to be unkind to someone after they have been kind to you or helped you
I felt that everything I'd done for them was thrown back in my face.
28.) throw up your hands (in horror/dismay etc)
to do something that shows you think something is not good but feel you cannot do anything to change it
Ted threw up his hands in disgust. 'Can't you make her change her mind?' he asked.
29.) throw in your hand
to stop trying to do something
= ↑give up
30.) throw yourself at sb informal
to try very hard to attract someone's attention because you want to have a sexual relationship with them
31.) throw a punch
to try to hit someone with your hand in a fight
We need to sort this out before people start throwing punches.
32.) throw a match/game/fight
to deliberately lose a fight or sports game that you could have won
He was allegedly offered £20,000 to throw the match.
33.) throw dice/a six/a four etc
to roll ↑dice or to get a particular number by rolling dice
You have to throw a six to start.
34.) throw a pot
to make a pot by shaping clay as it turns round on a special wheel
35.) throw your voice
to use a special trick to make your voice seem to be coming from a different place from the place you are standing
36.) throw caution to the wind(s)
to ignore the risks and deliberately behave in a way that may cause trouble or problems
I threw caution to the winds and followed him.
37.) throw the baby out with the bath water
to get rid of good useful parts of a system, organization etc when you are changing it in order to try and make it better
throw in/cast your lot with sb atlot2 (8)
throw away [throw sth<=>away] phr v
1.) to get rid of something that you do not want or need
I never throw clothes away.
I shouldn't have thrown away the receipt.
2.) to spend money in a way that is not sensible
I can't afford to throw money away.
3.) to waste something good that you have, for example a skill or an opportunity
This could be the best chance you'll ever have. Don't throw it away!
throw in [throw sth<=>in] phr v
1.) to add something to what you are selling, without increasing the price
We paid $2000 for the boat, with the trailer and spares thrown in.
2.) if you throw in a remark, you say it suddenly without thinking carefully
She threw in a couple of odd remarks about men.
3.) throw in the sponge/towel informal
to admit that you have been defeated
throw off [throw sb/sth<=>off] phr v
1.) to take off a piece of clothing in a quick careless way
They threw off their clothes and dived in.
2.) to get free from something that has been limiting your freedom
In 1845, they finally threw off the yoke of foreign rule.
3.) if you throw off an illness, you get better from it
It's taken me ages to throw off this cold.
4.) to escape from someone or something that is chasing you
We ran flat out for about half a mile before we could throw them off.
5.) to produce large amounts of heat or light
The engine was throwing off so much heat that the air above it shimmered with haze.
throw on [throw sth<=>on] phr v
to put on a piece of clothing quickly and carelessly
I threw on a pair of jeans and a T-shirt.
throw out [throw sb/sth<=>out] phr v
1.) to get rid of something that you do not want or need
We usually throw out all our old magazines.
2.) to make someone leave a place, school, or organization, especially because they have done something that is against the rules
Nick got thrown out of college in the second year for taking drugs.
I knew he would never throw us out on the street (=make us leave our home when we have nowhere else to live) .
3.) if people throw out a plan or suggestion, they refuse to accept it
The idea was thrown out by the committee.
The bill was thrown out by the Senate.
4.) if something throws out smoke, heat, dust etc, it produces a lot of it and fills the air with it
huge trucks throwing out noxious fumes from their exhausts
throw over [throw sb<=>over] phr v
old-fashioned to end a romantic relationship with someone
throw together [throw sb/sth<=>together] phr v
1.) to make something such as a meal quickly and not very carefully
There's lots of food in the fridge - I'm sure I can throw something together.
2.) if a situation throws people together, it makes them meet and know each other
It was the war that had thrown them together.
throw up phr v
1.) to bring food or drink up from your stomach out through your mouth because you are ill
= ↑vomit
Georgia was bent over the basin, throwing up.
see usage notesick1
2.) throw sth<=>up
BrE to produce problems, ideas, results etc
The arrangement may throw up problems in other areas.
3.) throw sth<=>up
if a vehicle, runner etc throws up dust, water etc as they move along, they make it rise into the air
4.) throw sth<=>up
BrE informal to suddenly leave your job, your home etc
I can't just throw everything up and come and live with you.
5.) throw sth<=>up
BrE to build something quickly
new houses hastily thrown up by developers
throw 2
throw2 n
1.) an action in which someone throws something
That was a great throw!
a throw of over 80 metres
2.) an action in which someone rolls a ↑dice in a game
It's your throw
3.) a large piece of cloth that you put loosely over a chair to cover it and make it look attractive
a brightly-coloured cotton throw

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Throw — Throw, v. t. [imp. {Threw} (thr[udd]); p. p. {Thrown} (thr[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Throwing}.] [OE. [thorn]rowen, [thorn]rawen, to throw, to twist, AS. [thorn]r[=a]wan to twist, to whirl; akin to D. draaijen, G. drehen, OHG. dr[=a]jan, L. terebra …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — [θrəʊ ǁ θroʊ] verb threw PASTTENSE [θruː] thrown PASTPART [θrəʊn ǁ θroʊn] [transitive] 1. throw money at to try to solve a problem by spending a lot of money, without really thinking about the problem: • There is no point throwing money at the… …   Financial and business terms

  • throw — [thrō] vt. threw, thrown, throwing [ME throwen, to twist, wring, hurl < OE thrawan, to throw, twist, akin to Ger drehen, to twist, turn < IE base * ter , to rub, rub with turning motion, bore > THRASH, THREAD, Gr teirein, L terere, to… …   English World dictionary

  • throw — ► VERB (past threw; past part. thrown) 1) propel with force through the air by a rapid movement of the arm and hand. 2) move or put into place quickly, hurriedly, or roughly. 3) project, direct, or cast (light, an expression, etc.) in a… …   English terms dictionary

  • throw on — To put on hastily • • • Main Entry: ↑throw * * * ˌthrow ˈon [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they throw on he/she/it throws on …   Useful english dictionary

  • Throw — Throw, n. 1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast. [1913 Webster] He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw, He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe. Addison. [1913 Webster] 2. A stroke; a blow …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • throw — throw, cast, fling, hurl, pitch, toss, sling can all mean to cause to move swiftly forward, sideways, upward, or downward by a propulsive movement (as of the arm) or by means of a propelling instrument or agency. Throw, the general word, is often …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • throw — throw; over·throw·al; throw·er; throw·ster; ca ·throw; …   English syllables

  • throw up — {v.} 1. {informal} or {slang}[heave up]. To vomit. * /The heat made him feel sick and he thought he would throw up./ * /He took the medicine but threw it up a minute later./ 2. {informal} To quit; leave; let go; give up. * /When she broke their… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • throw up — {v.} 1. {informal} or {slang}[heave up]. To vomit. * /The heat made him feel sick and he thought he would throw up./ * /He took the medicine but threw it up a minute later./ 2. {informal} To quit; leave; let go; give up. * /When she broke their… …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • Throw — Throw, v. i. To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice. [1913 Webster] {To throw about}, to cast about; to try expedients. [R.] [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English